Fibrous insoluble protein that is responsible for giving skin its strength, elasticity, suppleness and resilience.  Collagen supports the epidermis, lending its durability.  Collagen reduces with the natural cycle of aging thus losing the skin’s youthful appearance.  

Delayed Exfoliation

Targeted laser procedures that promote a delayed exfoliation response by stimulating the layers of skin from within first with noticeable outer exfoliation days later.  


Lower layer of skin; contains blood and lymph vessels, hair follicles, and glands. These glands produce sweat, which help regulate body temperature, and sebum.


Upper or outer layer of skin; mostly made up of flat, scale-like cells called squamous cells. The epidermis provides a waterproof barrier and creates our skin tone.


Areas of uneven pigmentation in skin appearing as darkened patches or spots on the skin often caused by sun damage (melasma), inflammation or other skin injuries (acne vulgaris).   Darker skin tones are more prone to hyperpigmentation exhibiting an excess production of melanin.  


Loss of colour in the skin that appears as lighter spots on the skin often caused by trauma, including burns, blisters, scrapes or other injuries that can scar and deplete the melanin in the skin. It can also occur due to congenital conditions, such as vitiligo or albinism.


A light yellow, oily substance, secreted by the sebaceous glands; acts as lubricant for the hair, skin and provides some protection against bacteria.  When skin produces too much sebum, a buildup occurs, often resulting in acne. 


Sloughing can occur in response to certain laser treatments and reveals a fresh, healthy glow. 

Stratum Corneum

The outermost part of the epidermis layer of skin which acts as a barrier between the body and the external environment.  It prevents the penetration of allergens, viruses, bacteria, UV radiation and the loss of body fluids.


Subcutaneous tissue, known as the hypodermis, is the innermost layer of skin beneath the dermis layer. It is used mainly for fat storage and connective tissues to house larger blood vessels and nerves. Subcutaneous tissue acts as an insulator and regulates body temperature.